Umbrella Final Agreement
Negotiations resumed in the late 1980s and culminated in 1990 with the final umbrella agreement (UFA). The UFA serves as a framework or presentation of individual agreements with each of yukon`s 14 federally recognized First Nations. It was signed in 1993 and the four First Nations ratified their focal claim agreements in 1995. To date (January 2016), eleven of the 14 First Nations have signed and ratified an agreement. Currently, white River First Nation, Liard First Nation and Ross River Dena Council are not negotiating. They remain Indian groups under the Federal Indian Act.  While the Umbrella Final Agreement provides a framework in which each of Yukon`s 14 First Nations will enter into a final claims settlement agreement, all provisions of the UFA are part of each First Nation final agreement (FNF). The final agreements contain the entire text of the framework agreement with the addition of specific provisions applicable to the First Nation. Looking to the future, Canada`s commitment to working on a nation-to-nation basis with Yukon First Nations governments, as well as with the First Nations Council and the Yukon government to recognize and implement Aboriginal rights remains unwavering. It is only in true partnership that we will realize the vision, hopes and dreams presented in Together Today for Our Children Tomorrow, which are reflected in the following agreements. On December 1, 2017, the Supreme Court of Canada (CCS), in the Nacho Nyak Dun v. Yukon First Nations (Nacho Nyak Dun), overturned a decision by the Yukon government to open the Peel Water Basin for development and substantially modify the Peel Watershed Planning Commission`s final recommended plan (plan).
CSC decided that the final agreements with a number of First Nations that allowed the Commission and provided for the land use process did not allow Yukon to moderate the Commission`s plan so drastically. Together Today for Our Children Tomorrow`s path to final umbrella agreement and the resulting modern contracts and self-management agreements has been long and unexplored. While there have been many challenges along the way, the agreements embody the common path we have forged together, fairer and more inclusive for all. They put power back in the hands of 11 Yukon First Nations to govern their communities and gave all Yukoners a greater voice in land management by changing the way business is done in the Yukon, with First Nations at the table, shaping cross-sector policies and economic development for the benefit of Yukon First Nations all Yukoners and Canadians , have stimulated.